What is Chemical Peeling Process?
A Chemical Peel process is a skin care technique which is used to improve and smoothen the texture and problems of the skin. With this, mostly the facial skin is treated, and less severe scarring can also be improved. The chemical peels are intended to help remove the outermost layers of the skin and help in rejuvenating the skin. They are also useful for reducing uneven skin pigmentation.
The chemical peels are very helpful in improving the best treatment for pigmentation on face and skin’s appearance. In this treatment, a chemical solution is applied to the skin, which makes it “blister” and eventually peel off. The solution is applied to the affected areas of the skin that causes it to exfoliate and gradually peel off. The new skin that grows in its place is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the older skin. The chemical peel for pigmentation can be had on the face, neck, or hands and are usually done at the dermatologists as an outpatient service.
Now if you ask if the chemical peel and its peeling is a boon or a bane, it is usually dependent on the toleration power and perseverance level of the client. It is suggested for fairer skin tones mostly but if you have darker skin, you may also have good results. That result would depend upon the type of problem being treated for your skin. But you may also be more likely to get an uneven skin tone after the treatment.
Chemical peels are defined by the depth of damage to the skin that they affect. In terms of strength, there are three types which are divided as superficial, medium, and deep.
✅ Superficial peels do not damage the skin below the epidermis which is the uppermost skin layer. These are also known as the “lunchtime peels”. They involve little to no downtime yet are effective because they penetrate minimally and exfoliate the skin gently. These are best used for milder skin problems like minor discoloration or rough texture. Peels using the mandelic acid, the lactic acid, and the low-strength salicylic acid are superficial peels.
✅ Medium peels try to reach the superficial and top area of the dermis which is itself the deep-set layer of the skin. These get to penetrate more deeply because they target the middle layer of skin. They try to repair the damaged skin cells and are best suited for moderate skin problems like superficial scarring, fine lines and wrinkles, and some troublesome discoloration, like melasma, age spots, etc. These have also been tried for the treatment of precancerous skin growths. The high-percentage glycolic acid, Jessner, and TCA peels are medium peels.
✅ The deep peels actually reach the deeper layers of the dermis and as the name implies, they enter the middle layer of skin very deeply, which means that the skin then requires a longer time of recovery also. They target the damaged skin cells, moderate to severe scarring, deep wrinkles, and skin discoloration. The high-percentage TCA and phenol chemical peels are deep peels.
Remember that the depth of damage depends on the nature and the concentration of the chemicals in the peeling solution and the length of time they are permitted to interact with the skin.
All patients get a recuperation period, which is the length of time taken by the peel to peel off which itself depends on the depth of the peel itself. The medium-depth and deep peeling usually result in swelling as well as blisters. These often break off, crust up, turn brownish, and peel off over a period of 7 to 14 days. The medium-depth peels may be repeated in six to 12 months, but only if necessary and with the consultation of the doctor. The deep peels should be done under the guidance of top professionals. Before getting a chemical peel, you must be aware of how it is done and what to expect after that. This is necessary because you then give informed consent to the procedure.
The process goes somewhat in the lines that the chemical solution will be applied to the skin and allowed to soak in. Over the next 1 to 14 days, the skin would peel off. The peeling skin on face treatment would depend on how deeply the had been penetrating the skin. This procedure destroys the affected parts of the skin in a controlled way to allow the growth of the newer cells, so this procedure can be done to a concentrated area of your face (like the eye area) or all over.
It gives a diseased look to the face and you may be advised to hydrate the area to facilitate peeling. You are provided with cream and a moisturizer, as well as a hydrating mask.
☑ The Risks, Side effects, and Complications of getting chemical peels done include Scarring, Infection, Reactivation of ‘herpes simplex’ infections (if you had earlier) and a substantial contrast in the coloration of the treated skin.
Deep peels generally require the application of extensive local anesthesia, conscious sedation, and for some, general anesthesia, each of which carry their own risks. Putting cool compresses on the peeling skin may ease the sensation of stinging. Pain medications and bandages may also be required during or after a deeper peel.
Important cautionary advice is not to pick at scabs or peeling skin. The area on the face tends to scab, but picking it can increase the risk of it getting septic, skin discoloration, and even of scarring. Moisturizing and being diligent about applying sunscreens are helpful steps to aid the healing. The clients must avoid smoking a few weeks before and after getting a chemical peel. Taking showers multiple times also helps keep the body hydrated.
When the skin starts peeling, you can see the skin underneath. The new skin will be pinkish and much lighter than the area surrounding it will be. After a chemical peel peeling, the skin becomes more sensitive to the sun temporarily, so it is necessary to wear sunscreen every day. It should be “broad-spectrum” and should be above SPF 30. You too must try and limit the time spent in the sun for some days till the skin fully heals.